Visiting Lima, Cuzco and Machu Picchu in Peru
Lima, Peru is a well known city for its splendid architecture. The sprawling modern buildings and growing business districts San Isidro and Miraflores houses the latest hotels of all sorts and kind, shopping malls and boutiques and other commercial business.
The prosperity of Lima was made official way back in 1535 when Spanish conqueror Francisco Pizarro founded the city. Then it was revered place of worship for the local inhabitants. Lima becomes the richest colonial city when it was made the capital of the Viceroy of Peru.
Lima saw profound progress during the 18th century. Being the capital of Viceroy of Peru, the city of Lima was walled by the order of the Spaniards occupants. But it was not the walls that made the city popular but the enormity of monuments and constructions being built here. Once it was called the City of Kings.
Thanks to UNESCO, the Lima Historic Center stands now as ‘World Heritage Site’ preserving the priceless historical monuments and artifacts of the colonial era.
Enjoying a historical tour in Lima is both heartwarming and educational. Lima has numerous museums worth visiting. Look for nearby hotels in the city where you can easily reach the attraction you like. Which is very easy to do because most Museums containing vast Peruvian history and culture are found in Lima.
UNESCO has officially named Cusco as ‘Humankind’s Cultural Heritage’. Making it Peru’s major cultural center. Not only that, Lima has also earned the world title as being the archeological capital of America.
In 1534 Francisco Pizarro a Spaniard conqueror who just landed in Lima also rebuilt Cusco. Cusco was already a flourishing civilization with artifacts dating back to 1,000 B.C. Cusco was the main city of the Incas civilization under Tahauntinsuyo state. Incas legend has it that the city was founded by Manco Capad and Mama Ocllo. According to the Inca calendar it was on 12th century or earlier.
If you like an archeological galore then you are in for a treat in Cusco. Here you will find sites and attractions like:
- Sacsayhuaman’s Fortress
- Pisac’s Terraces
- Tambomachay’s Baths
- Ollantaytambo’s Fortress
- Manchu Picchu
Thanks to Hiram Bingham who discovered Manchu Picchu in 1911 it’s now called as “Eternal City”. Cuzco has many museums, churches and important sites that have made of this city a tourism center in Peru. The wild and adventurous side of Cuzco can be discovered walking The Inca Trail with amazing beauty of the Incas land surrounding Machu Picchu.
Cusco is not only a place for archeological finds but also a home to adventure sport seekers. The popular ‘Inca Trail’ coupled by the ‘Sacred Valley of the Incas’ are must visit for tourists. The diversity of micro-climates makes of this region an authentic paradise to practice the Adventure Tourism. The combination of factors like culture, the kind and friendly population, the colorful clothing of its inhabitants and the archaeological unique sites create the perfect set up for an adventurer looking for new sensations, pure energy, amazing landscapes and unique secrets of these lands.
The city of Cuzco in Peru has many different alternatives for lodging. You can find from the very affordable bed and breakfast to the very exclusive hotel accommodations with their opulent Egyptian bed linen. Cuzco offers a great hotel infrastructure with a unique style and quality provided by the warm and friendly people of the city
Museums in Cuzco.
Here is a list of different art museums you can visit while in Cuzco:
- Pre Columbian Art Museum
- Contemporary Art Museum
- Popular Art Museum
- Regional History Museum
- Archeological Museum
- Natural History Museum
- Natural Sciences Museum
- Casa Cabrera
- Wiese Sudameris
- Bank’s Culture Room
If you like religious museums plan to visit the following:
- Archiepiscopal Palace Museum of Religious Art
- Santa Catalina Convent Museum
- La Merced Convent Museum
- Santo Domingo Convent Museum
- San Francisco Museum
- Cathedral Museum
- San Jeronimo Museum
The following are museum right in a popular archeological attraction:
- Chinchero Site Museum
- Koricancha Archeological Museum
- Taki Museum
- Yucay Site Museum
Vistadome Train – Pru
You can never go wrong with a lovely ride with Vistadome carriages. The carriages has glass windows allowing passengers to have great view of Peru’s landscape. This is the perfect opportunity if you are in to take stunning pictures of Peru’s landscape.
Aboard the Vistadome you will be taken to Manchu Picchu from Cuzco and the Sacred Valley of Machu Picchu. Aside from the stunning panoramic view aboard the Vistaddome, passengers and tourists can also enjoy delectable refreshments and delicacies of Peru.
MACHU PICCHU – Peru
Machu Picchu a historical Inca city located in the High Andes Mountains of Peru. Machu Picchu is located 43 miles north-west of Cuzco on top of the ridge. The surroundings are covered by dense bush that is covering some Pre-Colombian cultivation terraces.
Machu Picchu means “manly peak”) was a royal city and religious retreat of the Inca culture. A prominent Inca leader named Pacahacuti Inca Yupangui was believed to have ruled the ancient Machu Picchu city. Because of its elevation at around 8,000 feet above sea level and seclusion very few people from Cuzco knows the existence of Machu Picchu city.
In the city there is around a couple of hundred buildings inhabited by women, children and priests. The Machu Picchu people learned to cultivate the land into terraces where they can plant potatoes and corn.
It’s also a stunning site to see building made from interlocking stone blocks that are meticulously put together. None of the stones are similar, and they perfectly fit together. Some of the stones has several corners too.
By the time of colonial period Machu Picchu was already forgotten. The plague or small fox has nearly wipeout the population of Machu Picchu and the surrounding cities or villages.
Hotels in Machu Picchu
Machu Picchu has very few hotels. Sanctuary Lodge is the closest one to the ruins. Most other hotels are located in Aguas Calientes the closest town to the ruins.